NAAC Reforms 2024:

Important Announcement

By, Mahima Jagadeesh

NAAC Reforms 2024 Important Announcement


In a significant move towards enhancing the quality and standards of higher education in India, the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) has announced a series of reforms, aligning with the objectives laid out in the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020. These reforms, rooted in the recommendations of the Dr. Radhakrishnan Committee, are poised to revolutionize the accreditation system for Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) across the country.

Background of NEP 2020 and Radhakrishnan Committee Report

The NEP 2020 envisaged an inclusive and comprehensive accreditation system that would encompass all HEIs, tailored with norms that address the diverse nature of these institutions. Following this vision, the Dr. Radhakrishnan Committee was tasked with proposing transformative reforms. The committee’s recommendations, now approved by the Government of India, outline a phased approach to achieving enhanced quality standards through a revamped accreditation process.

Key Reforms Announced

The NAAC reforms for 2024 introduce several pivotal changes, aimed at streamlining the accreditation process and ensuring a more robust quality framework for HEIs. The main elements of the announcement include:

Binary Accreditation Process

Introduction and Final Consultations

The binary accreditation process is in its final stages of consultation with stakeholders. This simplified accreditation will classify institutions in a binary manner (accredited/not accredited) and is set to be formally announced by 30th June 2024.

Application Window

From July 2024, HEIs that are currently unaccredited can apply for this binary accreditation. This offers an immediate opportunity for many institutions to gain accreditation status quickly.

Transition to Maturity Based Graded Accreditation (MBGL)

January 2025 Launch

Institutions that already hold accreditation will maintain their current status until it expires. Starting January 2025, these institutions can apply for MBGL, a more nuanced accreditation system that assesses maturity and quality across different parameters.

Optional Transition for Ongoing Applications

HEIs with Institutional Information for Quality Assessment (IIQA) or Self Study Report (SSR) applications in progress under the current Revised Accreditation Framework (RAF) can opt to switch to the binary accreditation process, provided they do so by 31st August 2024. These institutions will also have the option to transition to MBGL from January 2025.

Submission Deadlines and Validity Extensions

Final RAF Submissions

HEIs may continue to submit their IIQA and SSR under the existing RAF methodology until 30th June 2024. This provides a clear timeline for institutions to prepare and submit their documentation under the current system.

Validity Extensions

For institutions whose current RAF-based accreditation is set to expire between 30th June 2024 and the MBGL launch date, their accreditation validity will be extended until the new MBGL system is in place.

Implications for Higher Education Institutions

These reforms signify a major shift in the accreditation landscape. The binary accreditation offers a streamlined path for institutions to achieve accredited status, while the forthcoming MBGL will provide a more detailed and mature assessment framework. Institutions will need to carefully navigate these transitions, ensuring they meet the new benchmarks and timelines set forth by NAAC.

Preparation for Transition

HEIs should start by reviewing their current accreditation status and upcoming deadlines. Institutions must familiarize themselves with the new criteria and processes introduced in the binary and MBGL systems. Strategic planning, including staff training and resource allocation, will be crucial in ensuring a smooth transition.

Potential Challenges

Possible Difficulties for HEIs

Institutions may face challenges such as adapting to new accreditation criteria, gathering required documentation, and understanding the new assessment parameters. Smaller institutions, in particular, might struggle with resource constraints.

Solutions and Recommendations

To mitigate these challenges, HEIs should seek guidance from NAAC and other accredited institutions, invest in staff training, and establish a dedicated team to oversee the transition process. Regular consultations with NAAC will also help clarify any uncertainties.

Government and NAAC Support

Assistance Provided to Institutions

The government and NAAC are committed to supporting HEIs through this transition. This includes providing detailed guidelines, conducting workshops, and offering one-on-one consultations to help institutions understand and meet the new accreditation standards.

Role of Government in Smooth Transition

The government will also play a critical role in facilitating this transition by ensuring timely communication, addressing grievances, and providing financial support to institutions that may need it.

Feedback and Consultations

Importance of Stakeholder Feedback

The success of these reforms relies heavily on the feedback from stakeholders, including HEIs, faculty, and students. Their insights will help refine the accreditation processes and address any practical challenges that arise.

Channels for Consultation

NAAC has established various channels for consultation, including online feedback forms, direct meetings, and regional workshops. Institutions are encouraged to actively participate in these consultations to share their experiences and suggestions.

Case Studies and Examples

Hypothetical Case Studies

Consider a mid-sized university currently accredited under RAF. With the upcoming changes, this university can choose to switch to the binary accreditation system by August 2024 and then transition to MBGL in 2025. This dual transition will require meticulous planning and resource allocation but offers the benefit of aligning with the latest quality standards.

Lessons from Other Accreditation Systems

Looking at international accreditation systems, such as those in the UK and the US, can provide valuable lessons. These systems often incorporate continuous feedback and adaptation, which helps maintain high educational standards.

Long-term Impact on Education Quality

Expected Outcomes of Reforms

The NAAC reforms are expected to elevate the overall quality of higher education in India. By introducing more streamlined and nuanced accreditation processes, these reforms will ensure that institutions maintain high standards of education, research, and governance.

Enhancements in Educational Standards

Over time, the new accreditation frameworks will promote a culture of continuous improvement among HEIs. This will lead to enhanced educational outcomes, better student experiences, and stronger global competitiveness for Indian institutions.


The NAAC Reforms 2024 mark a critical juncture in India’s higher education accreditation system, promising to uphold and elevate the quality standards across HEIs. By aligning with the NEP 2020 and incorporating the transformative recommendations of the Dr. Radhakrishnan Committee, these reforms aim to create a more inclusive, efficient, and quality-driven accreditation process. Institutions are encouraged to stay informed and prepared to engage with these upcoming changes to maximize their benefits and contribute to the overarching goal of educational excellence in India.



What is binary accreditation?

Binary accreditation is a simplified process where institutions are classified as either accredited or not accredited, providing a clear and straightforward path to achieving accreditation status.

MBGL, or Maturity Based Graded Accreditation, offers a more nuanced assessment of institutions based on their maturity and quality across various parameters, unlike RAF which uses a different set of criteria.

HEIs should start by reviewing their current accreditation status, familiarize themselves with the new criteria, and plan strategically for resource allocation and staff training.

The reforms are expected to enhance the quality of education, leading to better learning experiences and improved academic outcomes for students.

Institutions can visit the official NAAC website, participate in NAAC workshops, and engage in direct consultations with NAAC representatives for more information.

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